Write a short note on line organization
Staff authority is the right to advise or counsel those with line authority. Economic approaches to organisations also take the division of labour as a starting point.
Line of business organization
With clearly defined lines of authority and responsibility, each group may better understand their role in the organization. Instability: As the success of the system mainly depends upon the ability of one or two persons, the whole organization shall upset and collapse if they leave the enterprise. Hence, there is no contact between Sales Manager and the workers. All the activities pertaining to single department are controlled by one person. It is a stable form of organization. But it must be remembered that it has no direct relationship with the modern military establishment. In these organizations, a supervisor exercises direct supervision over a subordinate. Technical problems and specialised matters are handled by the Staff and the routine and administrative matters are the concern of Line Officers. Although positions within a line-and-staff organization can be differentiated in several ways, the simplest approach classifies them as being either line or staff. Principal—agent problem , concerns the difficulties in motivating one party the "agent" , to act in the best interests of another the "principal" rather than in his or her own interests Scientific management mainly following Frederick W. Problems of line and staff authority: There may be confusion on the relationship of line and staff authorities. Good control, direction and direction is possible in line organization because of fixed responsibility. For example, members of an accounting department might have authority to request documents they need to prepare financial reports, or a human resource manager might have authority to ensure that all departments are complying with equal employment opportunity laws. It is difficult to establish and is costly too. Similarly in organisation, line officers get the advice of the staff which is very helpful in carrying on the task in an efficient manner.
The personal staff renders valuable advice and assistance to Line Officers. This flexibility gives satisfaction of line executives.
In line and staff organisation the authority lies in
This is simple to operate and control. In line organization, authority flows from the top to the bottom. All the departments operate under the ultimate control of general manager. Even if top level managers are not capable there is no failure because staff managers can help to overcome the problematic issues through proper decisions and specialization.. The various departmental heads will be perfectly independent of each other and they will enjoy equal status the central idea, in the formation of such departments is not similarly or dis-similarity of functions or activities, but unity of control and line authority and responsibility from the top of the organisation to the bottom. Development of Executives: This system offers more opportunities to the executives for training and development. It is physically not possible for him to learn and acquire the skills of the jobs he looks into and at the same time be able to do justice to each job. Hence, less expenses is incurred for adopting line organization. Michael Porters Strategic Tools.
Multiplicity of experts increases the overhead expenditure. A disadvantage of a line-and-staff organization is conflict between line and staff personnel.
Lower level personnel favorably react to simple the multiple authority. The system like line organisation also owes its birth to army. The line of command is carried out from top to bottom.
What is a line organization? It explains the tasks of every worker in an organization.
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