The contribution of king louis xvi and his wife to the french revolution

The contribution of king louis xvi and his wife to the french revolution

He was seen as the savior of France while the country stood on the brink of ruin, but his actions could not stop the French Revolution. Historians note the king had a rather dull personality. Among the major events of Louis XVI's reign was his signing of the Edict of Versailles , also known as the Edict of Tolerance , on 7 November , which was registered in the parlement on 29 January Louis-Auguste was a keen student of language and history. The Girondins were partial to keeping the deposed king under arrest, both as a hostage and a guarantee for the future. The Third Estate leaders also had no desire in turning back or remaining moderate after their hard efforts to change the politics of the time, and so the plans for a constitutional monarchy did not last long. He was an expert on the French Navy and a devotee of mechanics and engineering, although this may be overemphasized by historians. When his eldest son fell ill and died, Louis divorced himself from what was happening at key moments.

After the situation had been defused by Lafayettehead of the Garde nationalethe king and his family were brought by the crowd to the Tuileries Palace in Paris, the reasoning being that the king would be more accountable to the people if he lived among them in Paris. Although Leopold saw the Pillnitz Declaration as an easy way to appear concerned about the developments in France without committing any soldiers or finances to change them, the revolutionary leaders in Paris viewed it fearfully as a dangerous foreign attempt to undermine France's sovereignty.

Together they had four children. Although he was recalled twice, he failed to introduce effective reforms. As authority drifted from him and reforms were becoming necessary, there were increasingly loud calls for him to convoke the Estates-Generalwhich had not met sinceat the beginning of the reign of Louis XIII.

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He also advocated loans to finance French involvement in the American Revolution. Before the trial started and Louis mounted his defense to the Convention, he told his lawyers that he knew he would be found guilty and be killed, but to prepare and act as though they could win.

Turgot showed great firmness in repressing the riots and the king loyally supported his decisions.

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Louis was now seen increasingly by his own public as an enemy. On December 3 it was decided that Louis, who together with his family had been imprisoned since August, should be brought to trial for treason.

louis xv of france

When the monarchy was abolished on 21 Septemberthe statue was torn down and sent to be melted. Provided by: Boundless. By the time that Louis and Marie Antoinette were married, the French were generally critical of the Austrian alliance and many saw Marie Antoinette as an unwelcome foreigner.

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Louis XVI was officially arrested on 13th August and sent to the Temple, an ancient fortress in Paris that was used as a prison. The royal family moved to the dilapidated Tuileries Palace in Paris. Britain's victories had seen them capture most of France's colonial territories. They were not legislative bodies but rather the court of final appeal of the judicial system. Marie Antoinette was executed nine months later. Due to this, Louis XVI was recognized the next day. While at court, Necker made many enemies because of his reforming policies. When a final decision on the question of a respite was taken on January 19, Louis was condemned to death by votes to While some were returned to France at the Treaty of Paris , a vast swath of North America was ceded to the British. The decision met with disapproval from the court as the duchess was considered to be of too modest birth to occupy such an exalted position. When his eldest son fell ill and died, Louis divorced himself from what was happening at key moments. In , Jacques Necker was made director-general of the finances.

It was part of efforts to preserve or upset the European balance of power.

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Role of King Louis XVI During The French Revolution